Monday, 6 July 2020

Assamese writers with their pen names-অসমীয়া সাহিত্যিক সকলৰ ছদ্ম নাম

Assamese writers with their pen names-অসমীয়া সাহিত্যিক সকলৰ ছদ্ম নাম


অসমীয়া সাহিত্যিকসকলৰ মাজত বহুতো ছদ্মনামেৰে লিখা বিখ্যাত সাহিত্যিক দেখা যায় আৰু বিভিন্ন সময়ত অসমীয়া সাহিত্যিকসল বিভিন্ন উপাধিৰে বিভূষিত হৈ আহিছে।ইয়াত তেওঁ লোকৰ বিষয়ে জানিব পাৰিব ৷
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Tuesday, 9 June 2020

9 June Daily Current Affairs

Daily current affairs



India secured 168th rank in the 12th

edition of EPl Index

India secured 168 rank in the 12th edition

of the biennial Environment Performance

Index (EPI Index 2020)-  India scored

27.6 out of 100.

Index considered 32 indicators of

environmental performance.

Topped by Denmark


2.Karnataka Bank appoints Ramesh S as

Chief Risk Officer

Karnataka Bank Headquarters Mangalore.


3. Universal Sompo General insurance

Company appoints Sharad Mathur as MD

& CEO Universal Sompo, a joint venture between Indian Bank, Indian Overseas Bank,Karnataka Bank, Dabur Investments

Corporation & Sompo Japan Insurance

Universal Sompo Headquarters- Mumbai.



4.Javed Akhtar becomes only Indian to win

prestigious Richard Dawkins award

.


5.IASST Guwahati develops Al-based computer

diagnosis frâméwork for accurate oral

cancer diagnosis







6.IIT, Hyderabad develops a unique

COVID-19 test kit that can deliver results

within 20 minutes

Researchers at the Indian Institute of

Technology-Hyderabad have developed

a low cost and Artificial Intelligence-based

test kit for COVID-19. These kits can give

results in about 20 minutes. Prof Shiv Govid Singh is the Lead researcher.




7. ARCI develop a rare-earth-based material

that can be effectively used for cancer

treatment

Scientists at the International Advanced

Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Hyderabad have developed a rare-earth-based material that can effectively used for cancer treatment and is being tested at SCTIMST, Trivandrum.



8.Kesari' reaches Port Victoria in Seychelles

to hand over COVID related essential

medicines under Mission Sagar

As part of Mission Sagar, Indian Naval Ship Kesari reached Port Victoria, Seychelles

for handing over COVID related essential

medicines. Under Mission Sagar, India is

providing assistance to friendly foreign

countries in dealing with the COVID-19

pandemic.


Seychelles Capital- Victoria, Currency-

Seychellois rupee.



9. 4,42,000 tonnes of food grains given

to States and UTs Unider Atmā Nirbhar

Bharat package 3rera


Union Minister of Consumer Affairs-

Ramvilas Paswan.



10. Largest & oldest Maya Monument ever

found discovered under Mexico


it may represent the oldest and largest

monument of the ancient Maya civilisation

ever found.



11. Former governor and Delhi ex-top cop

Ved Marwah dies at 87

Former Governor of Mizoram, Manipur, and Jharkhand,  He had also

penned a book- Uncivil Wars: Pathology of

Terrorism in India'.


12. He was also the adviser to the governors in J&K and Bihar.


13. Sports Ministry's flagship programme Fit India is joining hands with the Department of School Education and Literacy, to launch a series of special films promoting 10 indigenous sports of India under the Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat initiative.



14. Kiren Rijiju is the current Minister of Youth

Affairs & Sports.



15.Maharashtra boy- Pratik Tirodkar makes

world's first Internet-controlled' robot



16. Javed Akhtar became first Indian to bag Richard Dawkins Award 2020




17. Garisain declared as summer capital of

Uttarakhand. CM ~ Trivendra Singh Rawat




18. India's first solar-powered ferry, Aditya,

which became an icon on the

Vaikom-Thavanakadavu route in Kerala,

is among 12 such ferries that have been

shortlisted for the Gustave Trouvé

Award. It is the sole entrant from Asia. It



19.India will soon set up a Coal Exchange for trading of coal.



20. IAF develops ARPIT

Airborne Rescue Pod

.The Indian Air Force has designed,

developed and manufactured ARPIT- an

Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated

Transportation.




21. Odisha makes Bande Utkala

Janani the state song



22) Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Mohan Reddy launched India's first online  waste management platform to ensure safe disposal of industrial toxic wastes.


23) Madhya Pradesh launched thanks mom plantation initiative.


24) UN Association for Development and Peace appointed Nethra as it's goodwill ambassador.





This Day in History

9 June 1964

Lal Bahadur Shastri became the second Prime Minister of India. He remained in this office till he died on January 11, 1966 at Taskent.



9-June-1986

First AIDS death reported from a private hospital in Mumbai.


9-June-1949

Kiran Bedi, the first woman Indian Police Service Officer, was born in Amritsar, Punjab.



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Monday, 8 June 2020

Daily One Liner Current Affairs 8 June

8th June One liner current affairs






  1. Himanta Biswa Sarma launched vidya daan 2.0 integrated app in DIKSHA platform.

  2. Himanta Biswa sarma launched an app named Covid Suraksha app to monitor home quarantine people.

  3. Dr. Anamika Roy memorial trust launched an illustrated interactive book 'Break the fake toons on the infodemic' part of #checkthefake campaign

  4. As per latest report madhya pradesh has highest number of tigers. It has also the largest no of tiger authorities.

  5. Kiran Majumdar Shaw has named as Earnest and Young EY world entrepreneur 2020.

  6. Information booklet 'safe online learning in the time of Covid-19' launched by HRD minisyry. Book developed by UNESCO INDIA and NCERT.

  7. Manushi Chillar is the brand ambassador of Adidas

  8. #icommit initiative by Power Ministry. RK singh

  9. Bollywood producer Anil Suri passed away.

  10. DRDO developed SUMERU-PACS to help Health workers during Sweating.Personal air circulation system

  11. Ayush recommended Arsenicum Album 30 as preventive drug for COVID

  12. Vahan Mitra initiative by Andhra Pradesh

  13. Brajendra Navanit appointed as the ambassador and permanent representative of WTO. WTO H.Q is in Geneva,

          switzerland.

  • Brazil's Marcos Prado Troyjo appointed as president of New Development Bank.

  • Roberto Azevado declared resignation from WTO

  1. As per the annual periodic labour force survey, the unemployment rate of India during July 2018-19 as 5.1%

  • It is the first computer based survey of India.

  1. Hong Kong passed a bill to criminalize the insulting of chinese national anthem.

  2. G20 countries pledge 21 billion USD to fight with Covid-19

  3. India is going to get the non permanent member of UNSC

  4. TIMES Higher education Ranking

    1. China Tsinghua university is on too

    2. IISC Bengaluru is country's top and globally 36th

  1. India will host the 2022 Asian Football Confederation women Asian cup for the first time.

  2. Rajiv Topno has been appointed as advisor to the executive director of world bank.

  • Carmen Reinhart new chief economist or WB.



8 JUNE


  • World Brain Tumor day

  • World Ocean Day

Theme ~ 'Innovation for a sustainable ocean'





On this Day


  • On 8 th June in 1936, Indian State Broadcasting Station was renamed All India Radio (AIR)


  • On 8 th June in 1948 Malabar Princess', Air India's first international flight, takes off from Bombay to London via Cairo and Geneva. This was a weekly air service that was started between India to United Kingdom



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Wednesday, 3 June 2020

World Environment Day Special Quiz





Global wildlife trafficking is a lucrative criminal activity.What is currently the most trafficked mammal in the world?

A)Leopard

B) Pangolin

C) Lemur

D) Great Ape

Answer:


LEARN MORE: Pangolins are small nocturnal mammals, rangingin size from 30-100 centimetres, found in tropical regions throughout Africa and Asia. They have no teeth and are unable to move very quickly, but pangolins have a very special defense mechanism,including sharp, overlapping scales. When they are approached by predators,pangolins roll themselves into a ball, and these scales function like a suit of armour. In fact, their name is an adaptation of the Malay word, pengguling-which means "something that rolls up". They are the world's only Scaly mammal. Pangolins are threatened by deforestation of their natural habitats. They are hunted for their meat and Scales and they are the most frequently trafficked mammal in the world. of the eight species of pangolin, four are vulnerable, two are endangered, and two species are critically endangered, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species. International Trade in all eight species is illegal under CITES


2) What percentage of the planet's land is covered by forests?

20

25

30

40

50

LEARN MORE: While forests occupy less than a third of the Earth's surface, they are home to more than 80 per cent of all terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects; serve as a source of livelihood to more than a quarter of the world's population; offer sources of medicine; and soak up carbon dioxide. Globally, however, deforestation continues at an alarming rate, with 7 million hectares of forest destroyed every year - an area roughly the size of Portugal.


Of the plants grown for human consumption, approximately what percentage is pollinated by animals?

85

75

65

55


The correct answer is 75

LEARN MORE: Pollination is the fertilization process required by plants to reproduce. Eighty-seven of the leading 115 global food crops depend on animal pollination. This includes many of the foods we consume-berries, nuts, avocados, coffee and chocolate, among others. In economic terms, the contribution of pollinators to agriculture has been valued at more than US$200 billion per year Birds, insects and even small rodents are common pollinators, but some very large animals also pollinate plants. The black and white ruffed lemur, a mammal that can weigh up to 4kg, is the world's largest pollinator. Natural habitats provide diverse plant species, which flower at different times of the year, so food is consistently available to pollinators. However, great expanses of land are being converted to farmland with crops that only flower at certain times of year. The sporadic availability of food and lack of places to nest has caused many pollinators to die.


3) Approximately how many million people live in the Amazon rainforest?

23

33

43

63

Forest fires happen in the dry season (July-October), and as a result of natural ocurrences such as lightning strikes. However, fires are sometimes started intentionally and trees are often cleared to make space for industrial activities and large-scale agriculture. Today, it is estimated that more than three-quarters of Amazon forest-clearing is for the purpose of cattle-ranching.


Of all mammals on earth what percentage are wild?

4

24

54

84

Ihe correct ansWer is 4

: A study published in the Proceedings of Natural Science shows that farmed poultry today makes up 70% of all birds on the planet, with just 30% being wild. The picture is even more stark for mammals - 60% of all mammals on Earth are livestock, mostly cattle and pigs, 36% are human and just 4% are wild animals. Population growth, urbanization and improved incomes have driven consumer demand for meat and dairy products. Today, 60 per cent of all mammals on Earth are livestock and, the majority of which is cattle and pigs. Livestock produces greenhouse gas and represents 14.5 per cent of all Population growth, urbanization and improved incomes have driven consumer demand for meat and dairy products. Today, 60 per cent of all mammals on Earth are livestock and, the majority of which is cattle and pigs. Livestock produces greenhouse gas and represents 14.5 per cent of all anthropocentric emissions. Cattle are responsible for the most emissions, producing about 65 per cent of emissions from livestock.




In many areas, what percentage of coral cover

has died in the past 30 years?

30

40

50

60

The correct answer is 50

: Coral reefs are home to 25 per cent of marine life and are a major source of food to more than half a billion people. Every day, drugs derived from coral reefs are dispensed around the world for treating diseases such as cancer, arthritis, human bacterial infections, and viruses. The collective value of coral reefs is estimated at US$365 billion per year and tourism alone accounts for $36 billion in revenues, as travellers enjoy diving and snorkelling among coral Reefs. They also provide physical structures that dissipate wave energy,


What are diatoms?

Particles of dust that cause cancer in humans

A type of microscopic algae

Tiny particles of silica in the oceans

A species of grass that absorbs

radiation

The correct answer is'A

type of microscopic algae'

: Diatoms are a type of microscopic algae found in the ocean, waterways and soils. Their ornate cell walls are composed of silica-the same compound used in the production of glass. For this reason, diatoms are said to "live in glass houses." Through photosynthesis, diatoms produce roughly between 20 per cent and 40 per cent of the oxygen we breathe.


Of all the species protected by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species, what percentage are plants?

24

44

64

84

The correct answer is 84

LEARN MORE: Of the 35,800 species protected by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species, 30,000 are plants. It is estimated that there are 8 million species of plants and animals on Earth. However, we are losing species 1,000 times faster than at any other time in recorded human history. Up to 1 million animal and plant species are currenty threatened with extinction - many within decades.




Which of the following statements is not true?

There are around 100 species of

bat.

Bats are the only flying mammal.

Bats are night pollinators.

Bats serve as natural pest control

agents.


LEARN MORE: There are actually more than 1,100 species of bat. Of these, only three species are vampire bats and, contrary to modern myth, they rarely bite humans. In fact, bats are very helpful to humans. Their droppings are high in phosphorous and nitrogen, and serve as a fertilizer in many tropical regions. Every year, bats spread millions of seeds after ripe fruit passes through their digestive tract; and about 95 per cent of reforestation in the tropical rainforest is a result of their seed


Of all the species on Earth, approximately what percentage have we identified?

10

20

50

100

The correct answer is 10

: Of the 8 million species on the planet, we have identified no more than about one in ten. Every species draws from and contributes to the ecosystem in which it exists, in ways we may not even see. Whales store carbon from the atmosphere. Species like the helmeted hornbill and many other birds fly thousands of miles and disperse seeds that enable forests to provide myriad food sources. Many tree species are germinated through the digestive systems of elephants. Pangolins aerat soils to maintain soil health; and control pests eating up to 20,000 ants and




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Thursday, 28 May 2020

Friday, 22 May 2020

CTET Language 1 Assamese | Principles of Language Teaching ভাষা শিক্ষণৰ নীতি



Language-1 (Assamese) 

ভাষা-অসমীয়া 





Principles of Language Teaching
ভাষা শিক্ষণৰ নীতি




Aim of Language Teaching (ভাষা শিক্ষণৰ লক্ষ্য)

  • Ability to understand the speaker's language
(বক্তাৰ ভাষা বুজিবলৈ)

  • Ability to read & understand the language(ভাষা পঢ়িবলৈ আৰু বুজিবলৈ)

  • Development of skills (দক্ষতা বিকাশ)

  • Understanding the scientific aspect of language(ভাষা বৈজ্ঞানিক দিশ বুজিবলৈ)


Role of Language Teaching (ভাষা শিক্ষণৰ গুৰুত্ব)
  • মাতৃভাষাৰ মাধ্যমত হোৱা শিশুৰ প্ৰাৰম্ভিক শিক্ষায়ে শিশুটিৰ সবল আত্মবিশ্বাস আৰু আত্মপৰিচয় গঢ় দিয়াত সহায় কৰে।

  • মাতৃভাষাৰ মাধ্যমত হোৱা শিশুৰ প্ৰাৰম্ভিক শিক্ষায়ে শিশুৰ মনত জাতীয় পৰিচয় আৰু গৌৰৱবোধৰ বীজ ৰোপণ কৰে যি আত্মপৰিচয়ৰ লগত নিবিড়ভাৱে জড়িত।

  • শিশুৰ প্ৰাৰম্ভিক শিক্ষা আহৰণৰ কালছোৱাত শিশু এটিৰ বাবে প্ৰয়োজনীয় সৃষ্টিশীলতাকৌশলজ্ঞান আদিৰ লগত সঠিক বুজাপৰা কেৱল মাতৃভাষাতহে আশানুৰূপভাৱে সম্ভৱ।

  • শিশুৰ প্ৰাৰম্ভিক শিক্ষা আহৰণৰ কালছোৱাতে এটা নতুন ভাষাৰ মাধ্যমেৰে শিক্ষা দিলে শিশুৰ শিকাৰ আগ্ৰহ হ্ৰাস পোৱাৰ লগতে বিদ্যালয়লৈ যোৱাৰ আগ্ৰহো কমি আহে। কেৱল নিজ মাতৃভাষাতহে শিশুৱে নিজক প্ৰকাশ কৰিবলৈ সৰ্বোত্তম সুবিধা পায়।



Principles of Language Teaching 
(ভাষা শিক্ষণৰ নীতি)



1. Principle Of Exercise (Practice And Drill) 
অনুশীলনৰ নীতি

  • According to BF Skinner, Practice and drilling plays an important part in language teaching.

  • Continuously repeated gets imprinted in the child's mind.

  • শিক্ষা ক্ষেত্ৰত যদি নিয়মিত পুনৰাবৃত্তি হয় তেন্তে শিশুটিৰ মন ছপা হৈ যায়।





2. Principle Of child-centred Learning
 (শিক্ষার্থী কেন্দ্রিক শিক্ষা)


  • Teaching should be made to have a student-centred class as for as possible.

  • শিশুক শিক্ষার্থী কেন্দ্রিক পাঠদান কৰা উচিত



3.Principles of exposure to the language
(ভাষা প্রকাশৰ নীতি)

  • Learners should be provided which language familiar environment so that they could get maximum opportunities to listen and speak.

  • শিক্ষার্থীৰ কোন ভাষা পৰিচিত পৰিৱেশ প্ৰদান কৰা উচিত যাতে ভাষাটো শুনিবলৈ আৰু কবলৈ সর্বাধিক সুযোগ পায়।

4. Principle Of Motivation And Interest (প্রেণা আৰু আগ্রহৰ নীতি)


  • Motivation is an important factor in language learning particular early in learning second language English resources and textbooks should be selected according to the interest of students. 

  • অনুপ্রেৰণা ভাষা শিকাৰ এটি গুৰুত্বপূর্ণ উপাদান । বিশেষকৈ দ্বিতীয় ভাষা শিকাৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত পাঠ্যপুঠি শিক্ষার্থীৰ আগ্রহ অনুসৰি প্ৰস্তুত কৰা উচিত ।

5. Correlation With Life 
(জীৰ লগত সম্পর্ক)


  • The subject should correlate with life.
  • The course material and audio-visual age should be correlated to child life.
  • বিষয়টো জীৰ লগত সম্পর্ক হোৱা উচিত

6. Principle Of Habit Formation 
(অভ্যাস গঠনৰ নীতি)

  • In language learning habits of speech listening reading writing correct pronunciation should be formed.

  • ভাষা শিকাৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত সঠিক আৰু শুদ্ধ উচ্চাৰণৰ আভ্যাস গঠনত গুৰুত্ব দিয়া দৰকাৰ।


7. Principle Of Individual Differences 
(ব্যক্তিগত বিভিন্নতাৰ নীতি।)


  • Every child is unique and different from others in the learning process we have to keep in mind that learners have different abilities and personalities and belong to different backgrounds.

  • শিক্ষার্থীৰ ভিন্ন দক্ষতা, ব্যক্তিত্ব আৰু বিভিন্ন পটভূমি অন্তর্গতসেয়ে 
প্রতিটো শিশু শিক্ষা প্রক্রিয়াটো পৃথক পৃথক হোৱা উচিত।

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